Voluntary Rights-based FP Programs: A Review of Tools
The design and scale-up of high-quality family planning services that protect and fulfill the rights of all clients and potential users requires a knowledge base of effective approaches and interventions that have improved access to contraceptive services; ensured a high quality of care; protected clients’ full, free, and informed choice; and ensured program accountability to those they serve. Voluntary Family Planning Programs that Respect, Protect, and Fulfill Human Rights: A Systematic Review of Tools compiles and synthesizes training and assessment tools, frameworks, methodologies, implementation guides, and job aids that support and promote the fulfillment of rights at the policy, service, community, and/or individual levels. Prior to this work, no systematic review of tools related to human rights and family planning existed.
Of the 150 documents reviewed, 29 percent focus explicitly on human rights or reproductive rights, though reference to rights were often implicit in many of the tools reviewed. Although more than three-quarters of the tools reviewed had an FP program focus and were not explicitly designed to protect and fulfill rights, they contained elements that support rights at all levels of action described in the conceptual framework. The review showed that
- More evaluation is needed to determine a tool’s potential or comparative effectiveness as a tool for operationalizing FP programs that respect, protect, and fulfill rights.
- There is a shortage of tools and indicators to monitor and ensure accountability.
- Most tools focus more broadly on quality of care and not specifically on empowerment or client rights.