Maternal Infant and Young Child Nutrition and Family Planning (MIYCN-FP) Integration Toolkit
Maternal, infant, and young child nutrition (MIYCN) and family planning (FP) programs and services are often perceived as distinct, yet integration of these interventions can be mutually beneficial for mothers and their children. For example, exclusive breastfeeding in the first six months after birth not only protects the infant from becoming malnourished but also meets the mother’s contraceptive needs if she practices the lactational amenorrhea method (LAM).
The intersection of nutrition and family planning is not limited to outcomes. Synergies exist in terms of interventions as well, especially within the context of the reproductive life course:
- Adolescence: Girls have important nutritional needs as well as the need to protect themselves from pregnancies too early, especially if unintended.
- Pregnancy: An important time for provision of micronutrients as well as counseling on both maternal and newborn nutrition and healthy timing and spacing of pregnancies.
- Postnatal period: Support for exclusive breastfeeding and nutrition and family planning advice are key during this time. Around 6 months postpartum, complementary foods should be introduced to the infant. Women practicing LAM should transition to another modern method to protect against pregnancy.
Linkages Between MIYCN and Family Planning Services and Outcomes
The MIYCN-FP toolkit was compiled by the MIYCN-FP Technical Working Group. This working group brings together the MNCH, FP/RH and nutrition communities. Also, in recognition that the lactation amenorrhea method of contraception is a key component in MIYCN and family planning integration, this toolkit now encompasses all information and resources previously found in the K4Health LAM Toolkit.
To receive information and participate in MIYCN-FP Working Group activities and events, please join the MIYCN-FP Community of Practice.