Male Sterilization

© 2011 JHUCCP, Courtesy of PhotoshareBesides male condoms, vasectomy is the one other male contraceptive method currently available on the market. Vasectomy, a surgical procedure for male sterilization, provides permanent and very effective protection against pregnancy. Vasectomy does not work immediately; there is a three-month delay during which another contraceptive method should be used before relying on vasectomy to protect against pregnancy. Vasectomy and female sterilization are about equally effective. However, vasectomy is quicker, safer, and more cost-effective than female sterilization. It is also suitable to provide vasectomy in more settings than female sterilization, and vasectomy has a faster recovery period than female sterilization. Vasectomy should be considered permanent ─ reversal is usually not possible in settings with limited resources, and success (pregnancy) cannot be guaranteed.