An Assessment of the Benefits of Integrating Family Planning and Environmental Management Activities in the Visayas Region of the Philippines
The purpose of the research presented here is to further evaluate the assumption that the integrated delivery of reproductive health and environmental management practices in one project results in added-value. Value-added is defined as meaning that the integration of the reproductive health and environmental management components will enhance the levels of success of each to the extent that their levels of achievement will be greater than if the projects were delivered separately. The complexity of the interrelationships between population and environmental health suggest that factors other than integrated delivery of programs can influence project impacts. Population can influence the success of initiatives through its influence on the environment as well as participant cooperation in project activities. Hence, other variables related to project success must be examined to separate out the relative influence of integrated initiatives. Important findings of this research suggest that benefits resulting from integrated PHE approaches can be achieved under certain conditions. Key factors influencing the degree of benefits include level of participation in integrated projects and how NGOs implement these projects. In addition, there are also several inherent non-project related factors at the community scale and of individual participants that may also influence impacts. This suggests the need to tailor strategies based on place-based context and personal characteristics of different participants.