Evaluating the impacts of protected areas on human well-being across the developing world
The world has committed, through the Aichi Biodiversity Targets and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), to halt biodiversity loss and increase protected area (PA) coverage and to reduce multidimensional poverty by half by 2030. Recent calls to evaluate interactions between SDGs have highlighted that achieving one goal in isolation may actually have negative consequences for sustainable development foci of other goals. PAs are fundamental for biodiversity conservation, yet their impacts on nearby residents are contested. This study aimed to determine the impact that the expansion of the world’s PA network—a cornerstone of biodiversity conservation strategies—on the prospects of achieving global goals around poverty alleviation and human health.