What are the impacts of parenting programmes on adolescents? A review of evidence from lowand middle-income countries
Recognising the critical role of families in adolescents’ development and well-being, and the widening set of challenges facing adolescents today, governments and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) are increasingly implementing parenting programmes to better equip families to support healthy adolescent development. Qualitative research by the Gender and Adolescence: Global Evidence (GAGE) programme highlights the high priority adolescents give to warm and supportive intra-family relationships, but also the extent to which they experience violence from parents and caregivers. This review aims to understand how far parenting programmes are useful tools for policy-makers and programmers aiming to promote adolescent well-being and development. It also aims to synthesise what is known about gender-differentiated effects and gendered participation in these programmes – a topic that is under-explored in the literature.